Skin Cancer – Its Signs, Causes And Treatment

Skin cancer is quite common and studies have shown that at least one in five Americans develop some form of it over their lifetime. Skin cancer can be prevented with the steps and solutions. Being vigilant and maintaining a good skincare routine goes a long way in preventing skin cancer.

Skin Cancer – The Signs

There are different kinds of skin cancers and the signs and symptoms of each of them are different. The most common types of skin cancer are:

Basal cell carcinoma – This is the most common type of skin cancer. It develops in areas exposed regularly to the sun and causes small flesh colored bumps on the skin’s surface; these bumps don’t grow or spread quickly.

Actinic keratosis – This is considered the earliest stage of skin cancer and develops in areas exposed to the sun. The affected surface develops dry and scaly patches and tends to surface before squamous cell carcinoma. This cancer can manifest on the arms, neck, forehead, and head and is more prevalent in lighter-skinned people.

Squamous cell carcinoma – This cancer looks like a patch of scaly skin that has a firm bump. The latter can open and heal at different times and can cause extensive disfigurement if it’s not caught and treated early. It’s the second most common type of cancer.

Melanoma – This is the most serious form of skin cancer and can affect people between the ages of 25 and 29. Individuals develop small and large moles in areas that are exposed to sunlight or artificial sunlight constantly. This cancer is fatal and should be addressed immediately in order to avoid serious health problems.

Skin Cancer – Causes

Sun exposure is one of the most common causes of skin cancer. Excessive exposure to natural or artificial sunlight without proper protection and skincare can lead to skin cancer. Some forms of skin cancers, including melanoma, are more likely to occur in individuals with a genetic history of the disease.

Skin Cancer – Treatment

There are a number of treatment options available for non-melanoma skin cancer conditions. Small cancers can be surgically removed without any concern or reemergence. Other treatments can include:

  • Freezing the area with the help of liquid nitrogen
  • Mohs surgery
  • Laser therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Curettage and electrodesiccation

The doctor first examines the skin carefully to determine the type of cancer before they recommend appropriate treatment.

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